To the trained ear, a red junglefowl crow is a magnificent phenomenon of nature...
Through my many years of raising red junglefowls, reading scientific journals and literature, hearing testimonials from experienced hunters, and reviewing pure red junglefowl audio/video recordings, I have come to a conclusion that there should be two categories of desired red junglefowl crows.
The first category is that of a pure red junglefowl crow. The second category is of a domesticated call rooster crow. Call rooster crows possess traits that can be similar to that of a pure bird; however, it also possess markedly different properties that are objectively beneficial to luring wild red junglefowls.
Pure Red Junglefowl Crows
Due to natural selection, it is a fact that pure red junglefowl crows exist on a wide spectrum and vary greatly from individual specimens. It is generally accepted that wild red junglefowls have a coarser tone to their voices and most have a glottal vibration or "roll" on their third syllable. Their notes are relatively high to medium pitched. In addition, although difficult to measure and articulate, pure red junglefowl crows are more invigorating and lively than hybridized red junglefowls or call roosters. Below are characteristics of pure Southeast Asian Red Junglefowl crows:
1) Number of Notes:
A pure Southeast Asian red junglefowl crow must possess 4 notes (nothing less and nothing more).
It is generally accepted that red junglefowls' voices are coarse as opposed to being sharp.
Most pure red junglefowl crows are slightly high-pitched to a medium-pitched.
4) Third Syllable:
Most Southeast Asian pure red junglefowls have a extended and glottal-vibrated (rolled) third syllable.
5) Last Note Duration:
The last note of a Southeast Asian red jungefowl crow is generally described as short, but not necessarily cut off and abrupt.
Here is an example of an excellent crow from a pure red junglefowl. This video was recorded and produced by Groenelantaarn on Youtube.
This is another great example of a pure Malaysian red junglefowl crow as recorded by. Note, the crow referred to is from the male that is in eclipse molt (dark neck hackles).
This is another excellent example of a crow from a pure Vietnamese red junglefowl as recorded by DucChanhmai.
Hybridized Red Junglefowl/Call Rooster Crows
It is my opinion that desired qualities of hybridized red jungefowl/call rooster crows vastly differ in comparison to the crows of pure red junglefowls. Pure red junglefowls are the products of of natural selection and the randomness of the process will vary the crow types.
On the contrary, domesticated/hybridized red junglefowl crows will sound more uniform because they have been bred for a specific type of crow. These crows possess properties have been proven time and time again to be most effective in luring pure wild red junglefowls. Below are characteristics of desired crow qualities from hybridized/call rooster red junglefowls:
A slow crow is seen as a positive trait in a domesticated/hybridized bird. Through countless interviews with former and current hunters of red junglefowls, it is a universally accepted fact that slow crows are more successful at luring wild red junglefowl. It is the opinion that a slow crow indicates that a rooster is less confident while a fast crow represents a very confident and fierce rooster. All Hmong elders state that having a fast crow will only draw out established males while a slow crow will draw out males of varying maturity levels.
2) Third Syllable:
An extended third syllable is highly desired. This factor is related directly to the speed and length of a crow. All Hmong elders state that having the extended third syllable is crucial to luring red junglefowls. Similarly to the speed of a crow, a short third syllable signifies a fierce confident rooster, while an extended third syllable represents a male with less confidence.
3) Pause or Rest between the Third and Fourth Syllable:
It is highly desired for a hybridized red junglefowl/call rooster to have a pause or rest for half a second to a full second before ending with the fourth syllable. To clarify, a pause or rest means that crow is silenced after the third syllable, with a noticeable break in sound, before ending with the fourth syllable. Numerous Hmong elders have stated that the pause or rest is not a significant factor in luring birds, but that it is merely a preference as it sounds more pleasing to the ear.
4) Abrupt Fourth (Last) Syllable:
It is widely accepted that an abrupt fourth (last) syllable is desired. It is my opinion that an abrupt last ending is indicative of a young male that is merely beginning to crow. In my experience, most young males have a short fourth syllable when they are in the beginning stages of acquiring/developing their crow. Thus, having a luring male with this trait will be beneficial in that it makes the crow less intimidating for wild pure red junglefowl males nearby that may be considering defending its breeding territory in the jungle.
It is preferred to have a longer duration crow as opposed to a shorter duration crow. Notes need to be defined and well timed. The length is also highly influenced by the extended third syllable note and whether there is a pause/rest between the third and fourth syllable.
6) Low pitch:
Most Hmong elders have stated to prefer low-pitched crows. Hybridized/call roosters have lower pitched voices due to having larger bodies and thus larger internal organs such as vocal cords. Pure red junglefowls have thinner bodies and smaller body organs due to their bodies being designed for flight and mobility purposes for survival. Because of Hmong elders being accustomed to hearing low-pitched crows from their domestic roosters, it is my opinion they will have a natural preference for low-pitched harmonics.
This is an example of a near perfect hybridized red junglefowl/call rooster crow that is ideal for luring purposes. The video was recorded and produced by mrApai71 on Youtube.
This is a very good example of an excellent hybridized red junglefowl/call rooster crow. This bird is a proven lurer of wild red junglefowls in Laos. The video was recorded by Mr. Chang of California, USA and produced by myself.
This is an example of an Average call rooster crow as recorded by
Direct Comparisons of Pure Red Junglefowl vs. Hybridized Red Junglefowls/Call Rooster Crows:
This video, recorded by Aleenh2009, does a great job in showcasing the harmonic differences between a pure red junglefowl crow and the crow of a call rooster. Pure red junglefowl crows are generally higher pitched whereas call rooster's crows are lower pitched. Notice the glottal roll on both male's third syllable, pause or rest between the call rooster's third and fourth syllable, and short abrupt ending of the call rooster's fourth syllable.
Another great example recorded by cafedilinh.
*** FACT: Hmong elders' preferences may be influenced by the geographic location in Southeast Asia in which they resided. It is a fact that Hmong elders belonged to hill tribes and had very limited travels. They may have formed their opinions of junglefowl crows based primarily on their own experiences and potentially limited ones. It would be natural and appropriate for Hmong elders to have varying opinions and biases on "preferred" junglefowl crow traits.
For example, ask 10 Hmong elders to independently rate the crows of 10 of the best sounding junglefowls or call roosters you can find on a scale of 1 to 10. I am sure you will find that the ratings will vary.